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How to Relocate a Feral Cat

How to Relocate a Feral CatMost of the time, the relocation of feral cats is considered a no-no. Friendly cats and kittens can be safely removed, fostered, and adopted into homes. But the feral and semi-feral cats, you want to return them to their original home if at all possible after Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR).

In some cases though, especially if there is conflict with the property owners, finding a barn home (or another colony) is the only way to ensure their safety. We’ll discuss how to relocate a feral cat here, though this acclimation process can be applied to semi-feral and friendly community cats that fail indoor life as well.

If you are taking in a displaced cat from a community or feral cat rescue, please follow all acclimation procedures they ask of you. This guide is for those who don’t have a specific protocol for relocating a feral cat.

If you’re looking for a barn cat of your very own, please don’t take free kittens and put them outside. Please adopt from rescues and shelters who offer feral and semi-feral cats as working cats. They are spayed and neutered, vaccinated, AND usually free, in exchange for food, shelter, and care!

Disclaimer:  This post contains affiliate links.  I make a small commission on qualifying sales. See Affiliate Disclosure for details.  Thanks for supporting the kitties!

Relocation is the LAST Resort

Relocating outdoor cats should never be done lightly. It should ONLY be considered in the event of an emergency, such as property owners demanding the cat’s removal, or if their outdoor home is being destroyed by a new road or building construction, etc.

The reason Trap-Neuter-Return (TNR) advocates return the cats instead of taking them to farms and sanctuaries is for a few reasons.

One, too many cats, not enough barns, farms, sanctuaries able to take them in.

Two, if you remove all cats from an area, more cats just move in. Usually, these cats will be unfixed of course. Then because the area has so few cats, the reproduction rate of these cats rises.  So relocating does not solve the feral cat population issue. In fact, it makes it worse in some cases!

The third reason that relocating feral cats is avoided is that cats are territorial. Feral cats even more so because they are bonded to their home territory NOT people. This means relocating feral cats often fails. It is very common to have a cat leave his new home and attempt the very, very dangerous journey back to his original territory. Cats are often hurt or killed attempting this.

Another reason relocation often fails is because outdoor cats are NOT solitary creatures and are often tightly bonded to each other. They were born in that area, they grew up with their parents and siblings and other cats in the colony, and they form bonds with the other cats. They should be moved with a few members of their colony, if possible.

I know we all want to take a kitty and bring him to our farms or barns or warehouses and save them from busy roads and the mean, cruel people of the world, but you could be doing more harm than good. Relocating a feral cat could inadvertently cause the poor cat to meet an untimely demise attempting to cross unfamiliar terrain, such as highways and rural areas where coyotes roam, as they try to find their way back home. Cats do MUCH better surviving in their home territory than traveling around unfamiliar areas.

So decide carefully before you relocate that cat you feel sorry for. It works if you take the time to acclimate him to his new home, but it is NEVER, EVER guaranteed.

Gray Tabby Cat in a Humane Trap

Step One: Trapping, Neutering, and Vetting

Unless you are adopting a working cat from a shelter or rescue, you may be trapping the cat to move him to your farm or colony. If that is the case, once you have your feral or not-so-feral cat trapped, you should make sure he is fixed and if he’s sick, get him healthy before moving him to a new location. This should include vaccinations and microchips if possible.

Trapping can be stressful on the kitties, especially if they are feral. Since you already have him captured, it just makes sense to get him fixed and evaluated while under sedation or anesthesia.

Related Post:  The Best Feral Cat Trap

Related Post:  The Best Bait for Feral Cats

Step Two: Confinement Period

Wherever the new outdoor home is going to be, you need to have a place to confine the cat. This can be a tack room in your barn, a kitted out gardening shed, or even a pet cage like you would find at the shelters. Ideally, you would have a feral cat den so the cat can hide in it and you can close it up for the safety of you and the cat to clean the cage or move him, if the cat is feral. If you don’t have one (or can’t afford one), you will probably want to cover all or part of the cage to ensure he doesn’t feel exposed. Especially if the kitty is terrified.

The confinement period will mean that you will need a litter box and food dishes. Maybe a cat cave if you are confining them in a tack room or similar. Scared cats love to hide, so provide a covered cage area or cat caves, or even a sideways Rubbermaid tote.

The length of time you have to confine to the cat will depend on his level of socialization. Friendly cats need around two weeks as they more easily bond to you in their new home. Feral cats, however, need around 4 weeks. I tend to err on the side of caution and it is better to confine for a tad longer, than too short a period of time.

Always follow the acclimation process from the rescue you adopt a cat from, however. Every group has similar protocols about confinement and it might vary from my advice here, but you always want to follow their suggestions.

Confinement Period:

Feral Cats – 4 weeks

Friendly Cats – 2 weeks

You do not want to confine the feral cats much longer than this as it can cause him undue stress that can cause health issues.

During the confinement period, you want to get the cat used to you as his new caregiver. Get him used to your voice, pet him if he’s friendly, and bring him yummy food on a schedule you plan to feed him once he is released.

You also want to be sure the kitty can see and smell his new home. If you’re relocating a pair of cats from a colony, please confine them in the same area (together if possible!), so they have company and companionship. Domestic cats may be solitary hunters and independent, but they are social animals more.

Bonding With the New Kitty

You absolutely want to take the time to bond with the new kitty during their confinement period. These is typical bonding exercises for all cats, pets or not.

  1. Make sure to talk to the new kitty during feeding time or any time you interact with the cat.
  2. Feed yummy wet food, treats and stick to a feeding schedule so the cat knows when it is dinner time! Two times a day is optimal.
  3. Play! Play is a huge bonding exercise, though this might not work with some feral cats. A wand toy is ideal as it lets you interact with the kitty without putting your hands in danger of scratches.
  4. Petting and touch, if friendly. You don’t want to stress the cat out too much if he is feral by forcing your touch on him. If he’s not accepting of your touch, don’t push it more than a couple seconds at a time. Plus, you could end up hurt, badly, trying to force a feral cat who is caged (and thus feels trapped) to accept your touch. Petting should only be done with those cats that are open to it. Don’t force it on the feral too much.
  5. Yes, you can bond with ferals.  Just because they don’t come close to you, does not mean they won’t understand you’re good people and they can get food from you, and thus, decide to stick around this strange new home where he has now found himself.

Slowly Release!Orange Tabby Cat Peeking from a Barn Window

After the confinement period is over, you will want to open the confinement areas and allow the cat to come out on his own. Do this as quietly and calmly as possible while the cats are learning to explore the new area. Leave the area open as a kind of ‘safe spot’ for the cat to retreat to if he feels threatened or too scared.

Do NOT:

  • Force the cat out of his cage or confinement area.
  • Do not shut the door to the cage or confinement area after the cat has left.
  • Run loud machines or release cats into large activity areas.

Leave the area exactly like it is for the cats to have room to hide in there until all the cats are adjusted to the new home. This can take a few days. If feral, they may avoid you except for feeding, but once the cats aren’t running scared back to their ‘safe spot’ and are found sleeping or relaxing in other areas.

Remember: Only Relocate in Emergencies!

Locating feral and semi-feral cats is not always successful. Simply do the best you can to get the cat used to the area with confinement and a slow-release.

Get the cats used to you as their new caretaker by talking to them, feeding them, and playing or petting them, if possible. Ferals can even start to trust you to an extent, eventually.

Feral cats need love too! Feeding, clean water, shelter, and care should be provided to any animal under your care, which does include barn cats. Even feral barn cats deserve it.

Any questions or if you need advice on acclimating your new barn cat or working cat, feel free to leave a comment below and I’ll happily respond!

Lovies!


28 thoughts on “How to Relocate a Feral Cat”

  1. We have a couple of outdoor cats as of right now. I have been thinking about relocating them; they scare my dog. Who is supposed to brave, but not so much? It’s also freezing outside, seeing them trying to find warm shelter is pretty heartbreaking. 

    Going through your post, now I’m wondering about how they will feel if they are separated, not fair to them. 

    You’ve created some great outlines, but we don’t have any one place where they can be released. I will talk to our local animal shelter and see if they can take them. 

    1. in most places, animal shelters will not take in lifelong outdoor or feral cats as they are unadoptable. Those that do take in these cats, often euthanize them. Unless they truly are strays and able to be adopted. Relocation should never be considered lightly as it doesn’t remove outdoor cats from the original territory: more just move in.

  2. Greetings.  We actually have an adopted cat that was considered a feral cat.  I am not sure if they do the same everywhere, but a potion of the tip of the cats ear was clipped off to indicate that he was once feral.  He is as lovable a cat as I have ever known, and we really enjoy having him.  I found your information very interesting in this article.  Especially the part about reproduction rates increasing when you remove feral cats.  Thank you for promoting rescue shelters, adoptions, and spay / neutering.  All of our pets are rescues!  Thank you for providing excellent resources!  

  3. I had no idea it was such a big deal to relocate a feral cat. Obviously, it’ll take some getting used to from the feral cat’s end. It does appear to require a good amount of attention and care to make the cat feel safe in his/her newly found environment. I have to say that this is not an easy task, but these tips will surely go a long way.

  4. Great piece. My mom has a feral that lives in her garage most of the time. My mom is 90 and lives in Northern California. We are moving her down near us in Southern California where I feed feral cats in my back yard – Spot, Samson, Blake, Adam and an occasional Raccoon😝. She wants to move her feral, Carlie, when she moves but wants to try and tame her and keep her in one if the bedrooms. I’m not sure this would be possible. I know it’s hard to leave animals behind… any suggestions? Thanks Nancy

    1. Hi! Thanks for the compliment!

      Regarding your mother and the feral cat: taking one with her when she moves might be the best option and I know many people who have done that. It’s hard to trust that someone else will take care of them after your relocate, and we love them, despite some not allowing touch. The cat is obviously bonded to her in some way and prefers her garage, obviously. So I agree that relocating the cat with your mother might be the best for the cat.

      However, if the cat is truly feral and not socialized at all, the older they are the less likely they will adapt enough to be considered ‘tame’. It’s not impossible, but there are reasons why animal rescue and TNR groups don’t tame adult feral cats. It’s because IF they do tame, it can take YEARS, and it’s usually only to the person who socialized him, not to anyone else. And sometimes it can be dangerous as feral cats will attack if cornered or scared. It can also be traumatic for the cat, who may hide and poo and pee behind the dresser because they are just too scared to come out.

      I heard a story just today about an older lady taking in a feral cat to ‘tame’ and had to have a TNR volunteer come trap it from out of the house, where it was hiding behind the washer and dryer for 6 weeks!

      My only issue with people taming feral cats is sometimes it doesn’t work, and then you have a feral cat living inside with a human he is terrified of and hiding from 24/7. That’s pretty traumatic for a cat used to having freedom outdoors and no actual contact with humans. To them, we are predators. So to force one to live indoors with a human the rest of his life doesn’t always result in taming them and results in one terrified cat who is absolutely miserable.

      If it were me, I’d decide if the cat is truly feral or not. If the cat is truly feral (thus wild, and no petting allowed), I would not attempt to tame an older cat. If the cat has shown some sign of socialization, meowing, approaching me, rubbing on objects or the ground in front of me, etc., then I would try to tame them.

      Just give it some time with the cat in a small room, with a cave or hiding spot of some sort where he or she can run to hide. I do recommend using a large animal crate to keep the cat confined in at first, with a litter box and a little cat cave of some sort. This will not allow the cat to hide when your mother approaches. Feed treats and wet food when a human is with the cat only, don’t free-feed. Play with wand toys and laser lights, etc. Use a long object like a back scratcher or something to ‘pet the cat’ without being in danger of getting scratched or bit. Sleep in the same room with the cat. Just keep an eye out for signs of stress, such as hiding 24/7 and the cat has been in the room for weeks, which will include peeing and pooping while in hiding instead of using the litter box. If the cat is over-grooming, terrified, even after a long period of time, it might be more humane to start to let him or her go back outdoors (with a careful transition to being out there).

      Be absolutely certain the cat is rabies vaccinated! A bite from an unvaccinated feral cat is a pain in the butt for the human AND the cat, as it requires the cat to be quarantined for 10 days or euthanized to do rabies testing. So don’t risk that at all.

      Another concern is that feral cats and community cats who want to leave might actually cause property damage to attempt to get back outside. Some have torn up sealant by windows, blinds, sealant on the doors, the actual walls, carpet in from of the door, etc. This reason is why I let my two adopted cats back out into the barns. They were feral kittens, older ones, but they got so used to being outside and LIKED it, that they literally tried to knock the air conditioner out to squeeze through a tiny hole. They loved me and tamed, but they did not love confinement.

      It’s definitely up to you all, as I’m uncertain how feral the cat truly is. An eye should be kept on the cat’s state of mind. He or she might not be completely feral and might actually want to come indoors now (as is evident by the garage living). Maybe he or she is more semi-feral than actually feral and obviously bonded to your mother. So if anyone can tame a feral cat, it would be their caretaker!

      Just try to keep the cat’s wellbeing in mind. Oh, and definitely make sure the cat is fixed. Tomcats can have aggressive tendencies and are already stressed and it would be harder to accomplish. Female cats can be moody and unpredictable, especially after kittens or during heat cycles.

      Good luck!

  5. Dear Rochellle,
    We have 3-12 yr, old feral cats on our property. I had them neutered and inoculated after they were born under our house deck. Two of them are quite tame and enjoy being petted and the remaining one is very shy and won’t some too close. We have a large property where they can roam. We are slated to move to a similar property in the country and are wondering what your advice would be about moving them. Also concerned if our present home is sold to folks who wouldn’t want the cats. Thanking you for any advice you in advance if you can help us!

    1. Hi, Gail!

      With a situation like that, I’d move them with me, if that were me. They’re pretty used to you, especially after all this time, and relocating them with you is probably in their best interest. Especially the two that enjoy contact. It’ll be easier for them to acclimate to their new outdoor home if the people are the same as you’ve already built trust with them. If it were an entire colony of cats, most of whom were feral and couldn’t be pet, I’d say only relocate them in the new owners will not care for them. But this is only three of them and they know you, like you, and trust you.

      I’d definitely still keep them confined at first at the new place before releasing them, but I agree that taking them with you would be the right thing to do.

      Hope that helps! Any other questions, feel free to email me at rochelle@barncatlady.com

      1. Hi Rochelle,

        We have a very similar situation–a family of three garden cats, two are fairly tame and the third is just now warming up to us.

        We are relocating to an area with more wildlife–think occasional bobcats and rattlesnakes instead of the raccoons and opossums they are used to.

        We don’t want to leave them behind, but we also don’t want to introduce them to a significantly more dangerous environment. Any thoughts?

        1. Hi Stacey,

          Thanks for caring for the cats, first of all. And a great question!

          I can only tell you what I would do, based on the limited information you gave me so my suggestions might not be quite the answer you’re looking for based on the cats themselves or the location you are moving to. But here are my thoughts.

          There are only three of them and I’m going to assume they’re fixed because of that. Fixed cats aren’t likely to roam around as much as unfixed cats, so you have that going for you. Though of course, there are exceptions to every rule.

          I’m also going to assume they’re pretty bonded to you (and/or your family) since two of them are fairly tame and the third one is getting there.

          Now, any outdoor home is going to have its own dangers. Outdoor cats that aren’t smart and cautious are not going to survive their first year unless they’re very lucky. It’s sad but true. Now, I wouldn’t want to relocate my cats who are used to limited traffic next to a highway without some sort of way to help prevent them from trying to roam the highway at night or something, so I can definitely see why such a change in environment is concerning. However, I’d much rather move cats from a suburban/urban area to a rural area (which is similar to what I think from your description) than I would be from a rural area to an urban area. Does that make sense?

          Now, cats are almost ALWAYS cautious about new things and new environments. Especially outdoor cats. Cats are also excellent to have around snakes as they’re very quick and are slightly resistant to a snake’s venom. Dogs are 2x as more likely to die of a snake bite than a cat if neither get antivenom. If given treatment (which is, of course, advisable, resistant or not), the cat’s survival rate is increased even more. That’s from an Australian study. Pit viper (such as rattlesnakes) venom also tends to affect dogs more than cats. I am actually not as concerned about the rattlesnakes as I am about the bobcats. And I’m not as concerned with bobcats as I am about coyotes, which occur even in suburban areas. Coyotes kill more cats than bobcats ever will.

          So based on the information you gave me if you have more wildlife, you’re going to have coyotes (assuming you live in the US). I’m uncertain about other countries, of course.

          If it were me, because the cats are fixed and bonded to me, and there are only 3 of them, I would relocate with the cats. There are ways to help protect them from wildlife, such as keeping them in an enclosed large backyard with cat fencing, or bringing them into the garage or a building at night, and clearing away extra vegetation around your property will help reduce snakes coming close to the house. Always feed on a schedule so that there is never leftover food hanging around, day or night. Cat food will attract anything. You can also use repellants around the edges of your property that can keep bobcats and coyotes out of your yard, but those aren’t fool-proof and might affect the cats as well but are worth a try. They aren’t harmful, just tend to discourage things from coming into the yard.

          Coyotes personally are a problem here and I simply keep the cats alive by bringing them inside at night, the ones I can anyway. (I have one true feral and one cat that hates it too much, but both hang out in the hay inside the barn at night, usually.)

          Now, if the cats were completely feral and had no real bonding to you, I’d suggest having someone else take over their care in your current neighborhood as feral cats are much more bonded to their territory than they are to their people. Relocation is very stressful for them, but especially for feral cats. Friendly community cats will feel safer relocating if their people stay the same. It’s also likely to be more successful.

          BUT I don’t know how bonded the cats are to you, where you currently live versus where you’re moving to, or how well you can adapt the new environment to protect the cats, etc. so some of my thoughts on this might be erroneous.

          I’d say use your best judgment. If you are moving to a place with a high-density predator area (like the middle of the woods in Alaska) and you can’t build an outdoor enclosure for them, then it might be better to find someone to care for them at their current territory. But if it’s just a rural area like most rural areas, you can simply adjust a schedule or bring them inside a garage at night, when the predators are most active. (Such as feed them at dusk inside the garage, so you can train them to come in at night.) And yes, coyotes and other predators do show up during the day, but it’s much less common for them to approach human dwellings in the daytime than it is at night.

          I hope that helps!

  6. Hello Rochelle,

    I’m in need of some advice as I am a tad bit ignorant when it comes to cats. I have been feeding about 12 feral cats in my community and recently found 5 new babies. Most have been fixed except for 2 and the new ones. I was recently told management is going to call the city to pick them all up and it breaks my heart because they are all black and very feral. They don’t have a chance! I would like to relocate them, but I keep hearing all the bad things that can happen to them if I do so. Therefore, I am torn and don’t know what to do. I wouldn’t even know where to bring them to be honest. Any suggestions will be much appreciated!

    1. Hi, Monica!

      You’re absolutely right that feral cats should never be brought to a shelter, although unfortunately, property owners can insist they be removed. That sucks.

      Do you have a TNR program being run by the city? If you do, chances are they won’t come to pick them up (especially if they’re ear-tipped when they got fixed) and will try to tell the property manager that they are better off where they are and why. If your city requires Animal Control to remove them at the request of the property owner, then the city might have a barn cat program that they can put the cats in. That said, if the animal shelter refuses because they’re feral cats, they can then hire a ‘pest removal’ company that specializes in raccoons, feral cats, opossums. Some of those are good about humane methods that encourage TNR instead of removal, some of those are bad. The property manager could also just trap the cats herself and take them to animal control too, if they don’t pick up feral cats themselves. You will probably need to find out how your local city shelter/animal control handles feral cats.

      If you don’t have a city-run TNR program, you could try contacting any local TNR groups or community cat rescues in your area to ask for help as they’ll likely have barn cat/working cat programs or can tell what your options are according to the city laws and regulations. Or even just a local humane society or SPCA might have ideas for you locally on how you can get the cats outdoor homes elsewhere (if it become necessary.)

      If you don’t have any of that, you can contact local horse stables, wineries, farms, garden centers, warehouses, and other businesses that often will adopt feral cats as working cats. Be sure to stress the fact they’re fixed (and get the others fixed before relocation as it’s easier to place a fixed cat than an unfixed cat to these places) and rabies vaccinated when contacting them. A lot of horse stables and farms get people dumping unwanted cats and kittens at their barns, which are almost never fixed, and then these places end up with a kitten explosion. This reason is why it’s so hard to find a place to relocate ferals.

      You can check out Alley Cat Allies Feral Friends Network to see what resources you have locally from other feral friends in their network.

      I’ll give this some more thought to see if I can think of anything else you can do or any other place you can contact that might have a better idea. I’m sorry this is happening to your colony. I truly hope it ends well.

      Feel free to email me at Rochelle@barncatlady.com if you have any more questions or concerns. I get my email faster than I get comment notifications. Keeping you and the cats in my thoughts and I’ll let you know if I think of anything else.

      Sincerely,
      Rochelle

  7. Hello Rochelle,
    I recently moved and tried to bring my two outdoor cats with me. They were feral cats (both male, both neutered) but they were very tame to me and my husband. I put them in an enclosed patio in the new place, with the intent to acclimate them, but unfortunately one escaped on the third night, and the other escaped two nights later. I opened up the patio and kept putting out food at their feeding times. The second one returned and ate for two nights, but I haven’t seen him since. I have walked the new neighborhood at dusk and after dark, calling, and I’ve seen a number of feral cats at a church about three blocks away, where I think they’re getting fed, and some other tame cats, but I haven’t seen mine. They are both wearing collars with bells, but they probably won’t approach anyone else. I don’t know what else to do. I realize they may try to make their way back to the old place (about 6 miles through a very busy city), and I asked an old neighbor to keep an eye out and let me know if he sees them. I feel like I utterly failed them. I was very bonded to the black one, who I had trapped as a kitten, about 9 years ago. I don’t even know what to do if I do find them in the neighborhood. Should I try to confine them again? They seemed okay at first, but went to extreme lengths to escape. Thanks for your suggestions.

    1. Hi, Sheila,

      I’m so sorry to hear that they both escaped! Cats are definitely good at escaping. I once had one escape out of a three inch opening of the live trap I was using as I tried to feed him. Cats are masters at escaping and it is definitely not your fault. I’m sorry!

      For my suggestions, as you mentioned, keep checking back at their old home. I would continue scouring the new neighborhood for anyone feeding cats and other cat colonies to see if yours show up. Another suggestion would be to use the Nextdoor App for your new area and see if your neighbors would keep an eye out for them as well. Even if they simply call you, you can come over and either recapture them or retrap them. Possibly see if your town/city has local lost and found Facebook groups where you can post pictures (if you have them) and the neighborhood they were lost in. Contact local animal control and make a lost report, if they take them there. And keep checking.

      The upside to having cats with collars is going to be someone will think they belong to someone if they show up in a new area. They aren’t going to assume it’s a community cat, they’re going to assume they’re lost pets. That means someone might post in those Facebook groups, make notices on Nextdoor apps, or even somehow get them in to a local shelter when someone finds the cats. If you have them microchipped, make sure your information is up-to-date.

      As for whether you should confine them again, it depends on where you find them. If they return to their old neighborhood, you’ll definitely need to confine them again. If they’re found down the street, you likely could just bring them home and feed them yummies and they can orient themselves, especially depending upon how long they were gone before found.

      Outdoor cats, unfortunately, don’t particularly enjoy being confined, even for their own good. I’m so sorry you had that experience and I truly hope you find them!

      Keeping my fingers cross,
      Rochelle

      1. Thank you so much, Rochelle! You have confirmed what I was thinking, that I may need to start the confinement period again if I find them. The new neighborhood has tons of outdoor cats, pets mostly, but some ferals that I’m sure someone is feeding, like I mentioned. My cats are used to getting fed by humans and should have no problem finding a food source.
        I have posted with the county, the state Humane Society, and Craigslist. I will try Nextdoor, too. Thank you! I might try some flyers in the new neighborhood, too. And I’ll go back to the old home, and see what I can find. I sort of feel like they might not make it that far. It’s six miles and there are some very busy streets, but it’s mostly suburbs in between.
        Thanks again for your reply!

        1. You’re very welcome! You’d be surprised how far cats can travel to reach ‘home’. Some have been known to travel over a thousand miles to return home, so six is almost nothing. (Though the traveling thousands of miles is pretty rare, but still!) It’s not the most likely case, but it could happen. Usually lost cats stay close to the area they are lost in, at least at first. Especially if they’re freaked out. I hope they turn up.

  8. Thank you so much for your very informative article! A feral cat showed up at my office a few months ago looking very thin so I started feeding him and, in return, he kindly took care of the mice on the property. I also took him to get neutered. Now, however, I have a new boss who hates cats and wants him gone. Although the cat isn’t the friendliest and hisses if you get within two feet of him, I decided to take him home to be an outdoor cat. I thought this might be best since the shelter won’t take him and he’s used to me feeding him, which will hopefully keep him on my property and not trying to make his way back to my office. Since he does know who I am, would that lessen the confinement period? I realize he will still need to get used to the new environment but he already associates me with food and care and I’d hate to keep him locked up longer than necessary. Any advice would be much appreciated!

    1. Hi, Sara!

      I do think that since he knows you, even if he’s not friendly with you, it will help him acclimate better to his new home. Even feral cats bond with their caretakers. Just use your best judgment about when the cat seems comfortable enough with the area and you to be released. it should be at least 2 weeks, but not more than 4 weeks.

      Thanks for taking him home and good luck!

  9. Hi Rochelle,
    I’m on the fence and it’s making me and probably the semi feral cat I have more messed up.
    Here is my situation: I work 5 miles from home. When I started working for this employer it was 2.5 years ago. This is all in a relatively rural area. I wanted to TNR the momma who kept coming to work in the spring to give birth to her kittens of whom I have been able to rescue some and either provide a home or am still seeking rescues and homes. Well many kittens later I finally trapped momma with her last litter. I trapped her on 11/10/20 and she was spayed on 11/11/20. I didn’t want to release her immediately as some do, as I wanted her to be treated as my own cat would and have time to heal. I was going to TNR mom and the kittens, but the kittens are capable of being socialized. A couple of the kittens were with her for a few days in captivity and I finally separated them from her. When the 2 weeks I wanted to hold her were up, I became ill and I also started to have conflict about releasing momma so close to winter with our temps currently 40-50 during the day and 25-30 at night. Momma doesn’t have a colony and I never had to care for her until she showed up pregnant in the Spring and then she would go somewhere. I asked a lot of questions of people who knew more about TNR than I do and still felt confused. So she has been in my unheated outbuilding since the 10th and living in an 2 XL dog crates front to front with soft warm bed, daily food and water. I’m having a very difficult time bringing myself to release her back to her original territory because of winter and after having been in a comfy element free environment with food/water provided. Please please help!

    1. Hi, Janet!

      I replied to your email first, but the short answer I gave is that if she’s alone, it’s cold, and she’s been in your confined area for this long, it might be best to allow her to continue living where she’s at. I probably wouldn’t release a cat to an area where I know she’s the only one, especially if I have a better set up for her.

      For my longer answer, read the email.

      Thanks for saving the kittens and getting mama fixed. You’re a rockstar!

  10. I relocated nine feral cats 2 years ago to a catio I had built at my mom’s house. I relocated them because they were going to be trapped and euthanized. They are all spayed and neutered and get along great. My question is that there is a new feral cat at the same location my feral colony came from. Can I trap her and put her into the feral colony I have? Or would that be a mistake?

    1. Hi, Holly!

      Saving those cats from being euthanized is definitely a worthy reason to relocate them, especially to a catio. Now they’re doubly safe!

      So that question is kind of a hard one. If you’re sure it isn’t like a neighbor’s pet or anything, and you know the property owner (or neighborhood) is going to euthanize any colonies that develop in the area, then I would trap and relocate her to your colony’s new location. Relocation of colony cats just creates a vacuum that new cats will move into, as you’re seeing by finding another one. It’s been a couple of years, but it’s likely this cat isn’t the only one unless the food source is completely gone as well.

      You likely can trap, fix her or him (especially as tomcats do not mingle with colony cats well at ALL), and then slowly introduce them to the other cats in your catio. Even if she originally lived with the other cats, after two years, they likely will not recognize each other. As you have them combined in a catio, I would introduce the new cat slowly as if it were the introduction of a new house cat to the resident house cat. Bring her or him into the catio in a cat or dog crate, ideally, and let them get used to the new cat that way before releasing her into the catio completely.

      That’s likely what I would do, given the information you gave me. Of course, you know the situation best, so use your best judgment. My suggestion might not be ideal if there are other factors.

      Good luck and thanks for saving the cats!

  11. Lauren Alexander

    Hi Rochelle,
    Thank you for this post. I am in a similar situation as others. I have a feral cat (just one all by herself) that kept having kittens in my shed at my rental home. I found her kittens homes and got a local cat group to help me TNR her after she was fixed and vaccinated. It’s been two and a half years now and she is VERY VERY slowly warming up. After all that time, she still won’t let me pet her, but she is ALWAYS around me. She sits with me, meows to me, sleeps in all the homes and places I’ve bought/made for her. Sometimes she follows me around. And we have a very regular morning feeding routine. (I only feed her in the morning b/c I’m in woods with raccoons and opossums who eat the food that’s leftover).

    I am in a city, I just happen to be renting a house that has a couple acres of woods around it (bamboo forest) right in the middle of town. I am finally ready to buy my own house and will be moving exactly a mile away from my rental house. But separated by some of the busiest roads and small highways in town. I believe Mama Beans (her name) is completely dependent on me. When I’m on vacation, I pay someone to come feed her. But since I don’t own this house or property, I won’t be able to come back and feed her daily when someone else is living here. And my landlord is not reliable even though he is around often.

    I am scared to move her that she will try to get home. Or she won’t be able to be trapped. Or that it’s cruel to take her out of these woods and sheds where she’s so safe and there’s no other critters. But I also know she’s really bonded for me and it could be deadly to leave her. I don’t know if I could emotionally do that anyway. The new house has a bunch of small sheds on the property that might work for a cat hut and confinement — as well as a basement that was set up by the previous owners for indoor/outdoor cats with cat doors and everything. So the new house is conducive to bringing her. She just would never be able to come upstairs because my terrier would try to eat her. And I worry about that in the yard, too. It’s a double lot with lots of room — fenced in, but it’s still in the middle of a neighborhood not far from very busy roads.

    Any thoughts or advice? This is literally keeping me up at night!!

    1. Hi, Lauren!

      As Mama Beans is basically by herself with no other cats, is pretty bonded to you personally, AND you aren’t sure you can find someone reliable to continue caring for her, I would relocate her with you to your new home if it were me. I don’t have all the facts, so I can’t say for sure what is the best thing to do, just tell you what I would do based on the information you gave me.

      But based on the information given, if it were me, I would relocate her.

      There are ways to keep cats in your yard with cat fencing (if you have an enclosed back yard you can add it to or build on), so that’s an option at your new home as well.

      Confining her will be very important because you are not moving very far away from her old home. A mile is not very far and cats often can orient themselves from further distances. The basement or sheds can work, although you might wish to start out with a dog/cat crate inside those rooms/sheds because she’ll feel safer is with an enclosed, small space at first. Then gradually allow her to have access to the room or shed, then the whole basement, and finally freedom. With your new residence being so close to the old one, I’d err on the side of caution and keep her confined for 4 weeks as if she were a strange feral cat with no attachment to you.

      As for the roads, I would attempt to build or buy cat fencing to add to the top of my fence to keep the cat in the yard. Another idea is to build or buy an outdoor catio, which will allow her to stay safe outdoors.

      But she may be the type of cat who isn’t inclined to roam around, so you may not necessarily need all that. I am uncertain how close the roads are to your new home, but if they’re close I’d consider adding cat fencing to the fences to ensure she stays in the yard, if at all possible.

      I hope that helps!

  12. I live on 3 acres,all neighbors have 10-20 acres and we are in a conservation area. I have a large barn/outbuilding and since moving to this home 8 years ago, I have had multiple barn cats. Over the past 8 years, we have adopted 9 barn cats from the local Humane Society. Only one cat(Ellie)- who seems visually impaired- has survived more than 5 years. Ellie stays close to home/the barn, is cautious and smart. Fiona disappeared 2 months ago and now Ellie , who likes people and cats, is alone. This month I sequestered 2 “new” barn cats Penelope 7y/o and Rosco 5 months, from the humane society. It’s been 25 days and today I released them. My concern is that the 5 month old Rosco will not eat enough if the bigger/older cat Penelope eats Rosco’s food. Also, Ellie sleeps on a heated pad inside an open- bed trailer where she has an overall good view of the outbuilding interior. While sequestered, heated pads were in the crates for Penelope & Rosco. Where should I place the heated pads now that Penelope & Rosco are free to roam? And I read to be sure food is not out at night as raccoons will eat. Again I worry that Rosco is vulnerable to these other animals/ maybe predators.
    Advice?
    Thank You

    1. Hi, Janet!

      Thanks for adopting new barn cats!

      I would put the new heating pads wherever it’s safe to do so and where the cats themselves like to be, such as a tack or feed room, or similar. If Penelope and Rosco are close to each other, placing them in the same room is a good idea.

      Yes, feeding at night does attract raccoons and other wildlife. If you can supervise the feeding and only leave enough out that the cats eat it immediately, it’s not a problem, but you definitely don’t want to leave any out all night. Raccoons, coyotes, opossums are all attracted by pet food. Opossums usually don’t bother the cats much, but raccoons have been known to attack cats. (Plus coyotes will too, obviously.)

      As for Rosco and Penelope eating, I would try to separate the food dishes and keep to a feeding schedule. That way both are eating at the same time and the dishes are separated. This may or may not be a problem, not all cats will be gluttons and pushing the others out of their food dishes, although sometimes it happens. I just try to make sure to have enough dishes for every cat to have one to avoid conflict over food and ensure everyone is eating plenty. The feeding schedule is so that you don’t have to leave food out all day. (Although you absolutely can if you feed inside the barn and it isn’t attracting rodents or ants, then they both can come over and eat when they want. Just be sure to pick it up at night.)

      I myself free-feed dry food and feed wet food twice a day at scheduled times, so that I see them all at the same time twice a day. It’s easier to ensure they show up for dinner and I can check to see if they’re all okay.

      Rosco might be a little more vulnerable, but all cats are vulnerable to larger animals and predators. It might not be possible, but what I do is try to ensure my cats are inside the barn at night by feeding their last wet food in the evening. By feeding at the same time each evening inside a tack room, you can also lock them in every night. That’s usually what I do to help keep them safe, especially if coyotes are a problem. Raccoons CAN be, but they aren’t always an issue. Of course, there are predators in the day time, but night time is the riskiest time as most predators aren’t brave enough to come around the barns during the day as they would at night.

      Another concern would be depending upon how big Rosco is, large raptors like eagles and owls, which usually get kittens more than full-grown cats, but that might not be much of a concern where you live. 5 months old isn’t usually very large, maybe 5 lbs, so I’d worry about him too. Try to encourage him to hang inside the barn and ensure he’s locked up at least at night.

      I hope that helps! If you have any other questions/concerns, feel free to ask!

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